Two-Dimensional Transport Phenomena in Complex Oxide Heterostructures
Two‐Dimensional Transport Phenomena in Complex Oxide Heterostructures
Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Extensive studies of two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at complex oxide interfaces have revealed a plethora of new phenomena not present in conventional semiconductors. The novel ground states of the oxide interfaces have provided promising platforms for studying quantum electronic phenomena1 as well as developing device applications2. Recently, its counterpart, two-dimensional hole gas (2DHG), has also been reported at an epitaxially-grown SrTiO3/LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterostructure3. The presence of the highly-mobile hole carriers at oxide heterointerface makes the oxide systems more interesting and intriguing in terms of novel electronic correlations. In this talk, I will introduce the highly-mobile 2DHG in oxide heterostructures. The electrical transport measurements and in-line electron holography provide direct evidences of a 2DHG that coexists with a 2DEG at complementary heterointerfaces in the same structure. The precise control of interfacial atomic structure and the removal of point defects are prerequisites to realizing 2DHG at the oxide heterointerfaces. In addition, I will also present the recent progress on the study of 2DEG characteristics using different oxide heterostructures. The comprehensive study on 2D transport at oxide interfaces are actively on progress. In particular, the coexistence of a 2DEG and a 2DHG in a single oxide heterostructure will enable us to study exciting new physics of confined electron–hole bilayers and to develop novel device applications as well.
 G. Cheng, et al., Nature 521,196 (2015)
 H. Lee, et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 191604 (2016)
 H. Lee, et al., Nat. Mater. 17, 231 (2018)