Efficient, stable silicon tandem cells enabled by anion-engineered wide-bandgap perovskites
Daehan Kim*, Hee Joon Jung*, Ik Jae Park*, ... , Seok Beom Kang, ..., Jin Young Kim,# Kai Zhu,# Dong Hoe Kim,# Byungha Shin#
Maximizing the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite-silicon tandem solar cells that can exceed the Shockley-Queisser single-cell limit requires a high performing, stable perovskite top cell with a wide band gap. We developed a stable perovskite solar cell with a band gap of ~1.7 electron volt that retained over 80% of its initial PCE of 20.7% after 1000 hours of continuous illumination. Anion engineering of phenethylammonium (PEA)-based two-dimensional (2D) additives was critical for controlling the structural and electrical properties of 2D passivation layers based on a PbI2-framework. The high PCE of 26.7% of a monolithic two-terminal wide gap perovskite/Si tandem solar cell was made possible by the ideal combination of spectral responses of the top and bottom cells.